5.14. Glibc-2.19

The Glibc package contains the main C library. This library provides the basic routines for allocating memory, searching directories, opening and closing files, reading and writing files, string handling, pattern matching, arithmetic, and so on.

5.14.1. Installation of Glibc

It should be noted that compiling Glibc in any way other than the method suggested in this book puts the stability of the system at risk.

Apply the following sed so the tzselect script works properly:

cp -v timezone/Makefile{,.orig}
sed 's/\\$$(pwd)/`pwd`/' timezone/Makefile.orig > timezone/Makefile

The Glibc documentation recommends building Glibc outside of the source directory in a dedicated build directory:

mkdir -v ../glibc-build
cd ../glibc-build

Add the following to config.cache to disable ssp when building Glibc:

echo "libc_cv_ssp=no" > config.cache

Prepare Glibc for compilation:

BUILD_CC="gcc" CC="${CLFS_TARGET}-gcc ${BUILD64}" \
      AR="${CLFS_TARGET}-ar" RANLIB="${CLFS_TARGET}-ranlib" \
      ../glibc-2.19/configure --prefix=/tools \
      --host=${CLFS_TARGET} --build=${CLFS_HOST} \
      --disable-profile --enable-kernel=2.6.32 \
      --with-binutils=/cross-tools/bin --with-headers=/tools/include \
      --enable-obsolete-rpc --cache-file=config.cache

The meaning of the new configure options:


This sets Glibc to use the current compiler on our system. This is used to create the tools Glibc uses during its build.

CC="${CLFS_TARGET}-gcc ${BUILD64}"

Forces Glibc to build using our target architecture GCC utilizing the 64 Bit flags.


This forces Glibc to use the ar utility we made for our target architecture.


This forces Glibc to use the ranlib utility we made for our target architecture.


This builds the libraries without profiling information. Omit this option if profiling on the temporary tools is necessary.


This tells Glibc to compile the library with support for 2.6.32 and later Linux kernels.


This tells Glibc to use the Binutils that are specific to our target architecture.


This tells Glibc to compile itself against the headers recently installed to the /tools directory, so that it knows exactly what features the kernel has and can optimize itself accordingly.


This tells Glibc to install rpc headers that are not installed by default but may be needed by other packages.


This tells Glibc to utilize a premade cache file.

During this stage the following warning might appear:

configure: WARNING:
*** These auxiliary programs are missing or
*** incompatible versions: msgfmt
*** some features will be disabled.
*** Check the INSTALL file for required versions.

The missing or incompatible msgfmt program is generally harmless. This msgfmt program is part of the Gettext package which the host distribution should provide. You might also see a similar (also harmless) message about missing autoconf.

Compile the package:


Install the package:

make install

Details on this package are located in Section 10.7.5, “Contents of Glibc.”